Deconstruction definition: a method of critical analysis of philosophical and literary language which emphasizes the internal workings of language and conceptual systems, the relational quality of meaning, and the assumptions implicit in forms of expression.

Faith in Christianity (of the white American Evangelical variety) is like a ship sailing on the ocean. At bare minimum, basic maintenance requires this ship to be taken apart time to time—know as “deconstruction.” If you rely on the ship to get around the ocean, this creates an obvious anxiety.


But this anxiety isn’t the problem; it shouldn’t be demonized nor can it be avoided. Anxiety is something to lean into because it’s telling you how important your faith really is to you and what its true purpose is—to get you out into the ocean.

When you hear the word “deconstruction,” you either relate to it, are afraid of it, or wish everybody would stop talking about it. My goal here is to give language to those who have experienced it or are currently experiencing it and help illuminate its importance to those who are suspicious of it. If you’re in the third category, you probably didn’t get past the headline and already know this won’t be for you. For everybody else, we’ll start with a ship analogy (above) and short note on my assumptions of faith.

Faith is a form of confidence or trust.


It can never be traded for certainty, always requires risk, and is never fair. For example, say you have ten units of “trust equity” in the bank, and you lose one unit. You don’t now have nine. You now have zero trust equity. If you break someone’s trust or they break yours, it withdraws the whole account. All the trust earned up until that point is now lost or damaged.

Thankfully, most breaches of trust can still be repaired. But to repair it, you can’t just patch a hole or return the original amount taken. The original imperfections need to be rebuilt and restructured, as many times as needed. Whatever is wrong needs to be named, torn down, and generously remade with twice the value, strength, or integrity of the original materials. I believe the same is true for faith.

Like trust, it doesn’t matter how much, how miraculous, how authentic or transformative your faith has been up until this point. If there is a hole in the ship, it will sink. The only reliable faith is what you have here right now. It has no worries about the future and no regrets of the past— all that matters is your presence in this very moment. Your faith grows and matures by staying present within ambiguous tension. We’ll explore how this process works in more detail.

Nothing of spiritual significance can be reborn without dying first.


All faith starts with 1) CONSTRUCTION, goes through 2) DECONSTRUCTION, and begins again with 3) RECONSTRUCTION. Richard Rohr calls this animated pattern: Order, Disorder, and Reorder. In healthy relationships, it’s “connection,” “rupture,” and “repair.” We can also see it in the life, death, and resurrection of Christ.

Deconstruction has only one job— to break everything down. It can’t be anything other than exactly what it is. Like bacteria eating decay & turning death into fertilizer to replenish the soil with rich nutrients. Someday, something new will grow, but that’s where deconstruction ends and reconstruction begins. To expect anything more from deconstruction is to misunderstand it and its role.

Yes, it’s both frightening and dangerous. But not in the ways most people think.

Can it lead you away from today’s traditionally accepted doctrine? Yes. Will you most likely reject theology deeply enmeshed in modernist thinking and fundamentalism? Yes. Could it lead you to discover a more diverse palate of historical orthodoxy than what’s known inside the American Evangelical tradition? Also yes. What about a different religion entirely or no faith at all? Yes and Yes.

Deconstruction doesn’t stop until everything that can be broken down is broken down.


Deconstruction is frightening because it can’t be controlled or predicted or have a predetermined goal (trying to do so means you’re still in the first phase of development, construction). Any attempts to limit or stop deconstruction before it’s done its work exponentially diminishes the potential benefits of engaging in it at all.

Deconstruction is not just changing out the wallpaper or hiding foundational wood rot with a shiny new coat of paint. This is how an old co-worker I knew from years ago treated his faith development.

We went to the same church, and I watched him go from progressive Christianity to Ayn Rand’s virtue of selfishness. He fell into existential despair and found solace in systematic theology. He was an ideal member of his church community until his wife divorced him for being the person I’ve always known him to be. Throughout all of these dramatic changes, nothing ever changed that mattered. Every phase of his faith was just the same old self-centeredness with a different name. His story looks like the classic pattern of construction, deconstruction, and reconstruction— but only on the outside. On the inside, his faith remained immature. His goal never went beyond the easiest path with the most comfort.

This is also the reality for many more people who never leave their church.

Sometimes what we call faith is only church culture groupthink.


When we have friends going through difficulty, how do we know if we are helping, hindering, or harming? For those who have not been through some form of deconstruction themselves, it’s easy to misunderstand and offer trite biblical scripts in sincere efforts to help someone climb out of their deconstruction. But most of the time, even the best intentions resort to fear, shame, and control. If such concern is never examined (in light of its own deconstruction), it’s possible that what really guides it is the desire to maintain comfort of the status quo, which can easily lead us to darker tendencies as we try to protect anything we are afraid of losing.

Encouraging people to stay on the path of least resistance benefits the status quo. Anyone interested in that path is enthusiastically welcomed into the fold of faith. When this becomes the majority of a church community, appearance becomes the defining reality. Decorating walls of the ship is easily confused with its structural integrity. A culture of polite pretending with one another soon establishes the belief pretending is actual faith.

Rubble surrounds a statue of Mary, Mother of Jesus holding the dead body of Christ, with a cross behind them. It is inside a church building, but the roof has caved in as a illustration for faith deconstruction.

Words like love, faith, and God, are reduced to the conceptional framework and spiritual maturity of one’s experience within that church community. The way people are treated— in the name of love— is what comes to mind when you hear the word “love.” It’s complicated, because a community might genuinely be someone’s best experience of love and still be enmeshed with perversions and abuse, creating limits of what they expect from this “love.” The same is true for the words “faith” and “God.” No one has to know what divine love actually is; they only have to know how to follow the social and dogmatic scripts. Maintaining this illusion then becomes the mark of steadfast “faithfulness.” Ask such folks to explain their faith in any other words, and they can’t do it. They can only repeat more metaphorical jargon. They know the vernacular but not the heart. Could this “false self” be the wolf in sheep’s clothing Scripture warns about?

Deconstruction is dangerous to those hidden parts of ourselves. It rips out the roots of any, and all, pretending or wishful thinking that can hide behind the veil of faith. Even for those who had great bold faith at one time, who have sincerely abandoned everything for their belief in God, are not exempt. No one can hide from themselves forever. Eventually, we all learn the truth about who we are and what we really believe.

“Nothing defines religion quite as well as
attempting impossible tasks with limited power,
all while pretending that it’s working.”

The Cure: What if God isn’t Who You Thought He was and Neither are You?

As frightening and dangerous as deconstruction can be, it must not treated like a contagious disease. If the response to deconstruction is fear (for yourself or someone you love), we must dare to take a long, hard look at those fears. These can be the red flags of an unhealed wound or rotting wood hidden in our own faith and an opportunity to accept our own doubts, fears, insecurities. Bravery begins with one small step. What hides in the shadows looses its powerful pull when we bring it out into the light.

Not arrogance, but courage.


It takes tremendous courage to acknowledge all our fears, to face them, and accept the consequences— to examine our ideas of God and accept the possibility they may be just ideas and have no existence outside our imagination. Even rejecting a superstitious idea we still fear might somehow be God himself or defy the real God is like confronting the Wizard of Oz when you don’t yet know there is a man behind the curtain. To do so is simultaneously an act of faith in divine character (like universal benevolence) and a rejection of superstitious ideas (like shame and abuse). It’s what Matthew Korpman calls, “Saying No to God.

Of course no one does this lightly. It risks far too much. Thus walking away from faith is one of the most courageous acts you can do. Nothing else can so viscerally separate our own finite ideas of God from the reality of an infinite Being (like the Ground of our Being) or discover the God we thought we believed in never existed, not even within the pages of the Bible. Only a few are willing test their faith and “kill [their] God, in the name of [the] God, to find [a real] God.” As consequence, few ever develop a robust faith of the likes described in Scripture. We all know it’s easier for everyone to just pretend.

“I pray therefore, God rid me of God.”

Meister Eckhart

What if we’re honest about what we know, what is actually possible to know, and what’s beyond the limits of our current knowledge but we assume to be true on the basis of our faith? Perhaps we could accept there is no cure or quick fix for uncertainty; all faith is a risk. To let go of pretending, to embrace deconstruction, clears away the old branches that need trimming and opens up possibilities for new reconstruction. As Dallas Willard once said, “Fatih doesn’t grow on dishonesty.” We could call this epistemological humility or maybe the paradox of mature faith or as Jesus said, the “life that is found when you lose your life.”

For a more practical explanation, we can say everyone suffers. Everyone has a choice about what to do with their own individual suffering— personal suffering unique to them and their circumstances of life. Deconstruction is the sobering wake up call inviting us to refuse to minimize and alleviate the suffering of our existence by “harboring false illusions and entertaining artificial optimism,” as Viktor E. Frankl said, holocaust survivor and author of Man’s Search for Meaning. Only the bravest of souls have the courage to be present to their own suffering.

Real faith can only be developed if no faith is a real and acceptable possibility.


Like a chemical chain reaction, deconstruction can only be neutralized when we dig deep enough to find a genuine, dynamic, holistic, mature faith that cannot be broken down any further. When everything but the most basic building blocks are burned away, you’ve reached what cannot ever be taken from you. Not by anyone. No coercion, manipulation, nor dehumanizing threats can touch it, much less stop it. When you find the bedrock of the lowest common denominator for you and your faith, your eyes are opened— you know the risks & costs of faith. You make your choices & accept the consequences, all without trying to control any of it. You decide to stay present to the direction of your life wherever it takes you.

“What was really needed was a fundamental change in our attitude toward life. We have to learn ourselves, and furthermore, we had to teach the despairing [prisoners], that it does not really matter what we expected from life, but rather that life expected from us.”

Viktor E. Frankl
Man’s Search for Meaning

Getting to the center point of deconstruction can’t be rushed. We have to go through the dying process. It isn’t safe, controllable, or predictable. But it is essential.

So let the ship be torn down. All of it, if needed! Will it be rebuilt? Maybe. Maybe it’ll be built into something completely and currently unimaginable. Maybe your faith will wither and die. Or maybe you will take a step out in the ocean itself and find yourself walking on water.

What could this possibly look like? In the film Silence, we have a visceral example.

A Jesuit missionary is tortured and forced to watch his parishioners be tortured unless he denies Christ in front of them all, by stepping on a sacred icon of Jesus. The Jesuit endures this punishment for years until he just can’t anymore. Covered in blood, sweat, and dirt, he reaches a breaking point. Broken wide open, he relents. In the moment he decides to deny his faith, we hear the voice of Christ break through the silence and say:

“Step on me...

I know your pain. I came here to bear this. You’re with me now...

“Step.”

And so the priest did.

He stepped on the face of Jesus as a symbolic gesture to denounce Christianity. But what does that even mean? Did he lack faith or did he act on faith?

In return, the answer we get is silence.

So we all are left with the same question, along with the burden of deciding for ourselves what it means. No one can answer for anyone else. Which path is true or right?

We honestly don’t know.

Yet life still confronts us to make a decision based on the best knowledge, experience, and wisdom we have available to us. In other words, we take a risk— the risk of faith that is required for us to fully participate in our own lives. Only you can decide. What is actually important to you? What are you willing to risk for it? Or what will you risk being wrong about?

Regardless of wherever you find yourself in this journey of faith —with or without it— I’m hoping we can find some common ground for everyone who reads this to stand on together. Stop me if I’m wrong, but no matter where we find ourselves on the theist/atheist continuum, I think we can all affirm this paradox:

If our faith can be destroyed, that what was destroyed is only an illusion.

For the one without faith, God never existed in the first place. For the one with faith, the illusion of God was never the real God beyond an idea of God. Without minimizing any experience or belittling anyone’s decision, it’s a small way to affirm what we still share among vast differences of beliefs and understandings.

We all are really in the same boat. We all need the integrity of a thorough deconstruction process without controlling the results. We all need to hear one another acknowledge our shared human dignity, how we’re all trying to find our way through the same mess of life. Everyone invested (faith or no faith) can help support people through this journey, giving one another vast amounts of freedom, respect, and courage to explore and question what we alone know we need to face.

Real faith can only be developed if no faith is a real and acceptable possibility.

There is still one last question.

When is deconstruction done? We can trust you’ll just know. Yes, there is still the real danger of getting stuck in cycles of cynicism. But just like you know when the breakdown of your muscles from exercise are ready to rebuild their strength, you learn to trust yourself to know the difference. You know when you’re ready to move again. Most likely, this will be a repeated pattern again and again throughout our lives.

To summarize, deconstruction is the inevitable pruning of death we all must walk through if we want to discover the light of faith beyond the limits of our own experience of that word “faith.” If we affirm God is no thing, we also affirm God is nothing and vice versa.

An honest and mature faith is staying present within the tension of paradox.


Of course you don’t need anything from me, but maybe it’s nice to know it really is yours. You have permission to decide what’s important to you without interference from anyone— especially those claiming to speak for God.

Deconstruction is holy work.

It’s how you find the foundational pillars to build or support your faith— the ideas or doctrines you need in order to believe that God is good or why life has meaning and is worth living. All the pain, grief, suffering, and love that goes along with it is holy too. If we cannot face this honestly, we create an illusion that promises life through faith can be reached without first dying to the (false) self. In other words, we become lost.

“If anyone on the verge of action should judge himself according to the outcome, he would never begin.”

―Søren Kierkegaard, Fear and Trembling

Now you’re ready to directly dive into the existential ocean.

2 Comments

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  1. Amber

    I’m not a believer, but I am experiencing a deconstruction of sorts. This message is beautiful and helpful and gives me hope for my future. Thank you.

  2. Hannah McNeilly

    This has all at once terrified me and offered needed hope. Thank you for your care in writing this. Trying to figure out how to deconstruct; I’m afraid. I feel a little alone! All in all though I’m inspired to walk forward with this. Thank you.